Cromwell Wood Estate – Waste Resource Management

Waste Resource Management

Waste Planning and Environmental Permitting

Cromwell Wood Estate Company Limited has been involved in waste planning for over 16 years and the principal waste engineer has been involved in the industry since the Control of Pollution Act in 1974. In more recent years, the Landfill Directive and Landfill (England and Wales) Regulations 2002 have introduced rigorous standards to reduce the country’s reliance on landfills and to reduce the environmental impacts arising from deposited waste. Wastes can now only be accepted at a landfill if they meet the Waste Acceptance Criteria (WAC) for that class of landfill.

Landfill Site in Operation

The practise became involved in waste matters as a natural progression from their mineral planning work for the restoration of quarries and the utilisation of void space for landfill in old brick pits owned by client companies. Today the waste team deal with inert and non-hazardous solid waste schemes for the restoration of mineral workings and despoiled land.

Cromwell Wood Estate Company has been involved with the design of restoration schemes which entail calculation of void space, capping of waste and aftercare following planting schemes. We advise on and submit planning applications for recycling operations for inert construction, demolition and excavation waste; skip waste including green waste; composting and soil making. The company now advise clients on the treatment of waste including recovery and recycling. Our surveyors have a thorough knowledge of the environmental permitting regime and can prepare PPC applications, waste management environmental permitting applications, exemptions from waste management environmental permitting, recovery of waste for the improvement of land and material recycling centres based on the new guidance issued by the Environment Agency under the Environmental Permitting Regulations 2010. Our expertise in the preparation of such schemes has been gained over twenty years in the industry.

Cromwell Wood provide advice and ongoing monitoring of waste sites to ensure that the waste being accepted at the landfill site is compliant with the guidelines set out in the Landfill Directive. We have contacts with a number of drilling rig operators who are able to construct boreholes in order that landfill gas, leachate and groundwater can be monitored. Samples of the waste mass can also be obtained during the drilling operation. Samples of solid waste are sent to UKAS/MCERTS registered laboratories for analysis in line with government guidelines for Waste Acceptance Criteria. Samples of groundwater/leachate are analysed for List I and List II substances.

The practice uses Autocad, LSS survey software, Landsim, Gassim and geotechnical software to provide risk assessments for waste planning and environmental permitting.

For any other information, please do not hesitate to contact this office and speak to John Carlon or another member of staff.

Recovery of Waste

Due to the introduction of Standard Permits or Bespoke Permits based on the standard rules the practice is now developing schemes for the recovery of construction materials, soil, compost, green waste and other recyclable materials such as glass, paper, wood and cardboard. The use of suitable waste for the construction of buttresses and slopes on quarry faces is also being investigated to restore old mineral workings without the need for a Landfill Permit.

Mining Waste

Our team of mining engineers and surveyors provide advice on the Mining Waste Directive and the schemes available to reduce waste and put the material to a beneficial after use. The Regulation of Colliery Spoil and Mineral Waste Tips was introduced after the Aberfan Disaster in 1969 and has been expanded to regulate all mines and quarries which win minerals at the surface through the Quarries Regulations 1999. The Regulations were accompanied by an Approved Code of Practice which is updated with advice from the HSE. Our engineers have an overview of the legislation affecting mines and waste sites and can provide advice on a programme of work to comply with the Planning, Health & Safety and Environmental Law affecting these sectors.


The principal engineer has been involved in mining and quarrying for over 25 years and the practice has provided advice on realising the potential of void space within quarries. The company are able to provide valuations of mineral working and void space, design the engineering and complete risk assessments on emissions to air, water and the ground and negotiate agreements between mineral owners and waste companies.

For any other information please do not hesitate to contact the Cromwell Wood Estate Company Limited.